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Internet: Food for Thought


Ludwik Kowalski Ph.D. in physics (see Wikipedia)


Professor Emeritus, Montclair State University


author of



1) Theological differences,


Theological differences between Judaism and Christianity, according to:


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are minimal. The author reminds us that: “Christianity and Judaism both believe in one God who is almighty, omniscient, omnipresent, eternal, and infinite. Both religions believe in a God who is holy, righteous, and just, while at the same time loving, forgiving, and merciful. ...  Christianity and Judaism have basically the same ethical code, commonly known today as Judeo-Christian. ... The all-important difference between Christianity and Judaism is the Person of Jesus Christ...“ This is widely known. The undeniable similarities can be explained by the fact that early Christians were believers in Judaism, as described at:


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Referring to the first century CE, the author wrote: “Judaism at this time was divided into antagonistic factions. The main camps were the Pharisees, Sadducees, and Zealots, but also included many other less influential sects (including the Essenes)... This led to further unrest, and the 1st century BCE and 1st century CE saw a number of charismatic religious leaders, contributing to what would become the Mishnah of Rabbinic Judaism, including Yochanan ben Zakai and Hanina Ben Dosa. The ministry of Jesus, according to the account of the Gospels, falls into this pattern of sectarian preachers with devoted disciples.”

Early Christians, in other words, were believers in Judaism. The “antagonistic factions,” dividing them from other Jewish sects, such as the attitude toward the “money changers, ” were not theological. It is therefore not surprising that the above-mentioned similarities still exist, despite the major difference between Christians and Jews in the acceptance of the divinity of Jesus.


2) Einstein about Antisemitism: According to:


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Albert Einstein wrote: “It seems obvious to me that Jews make an ideal scapegoat for any country experiencing social, economic, or political difficulties. The reason for this is twofold. First of all, there is hardly a country in the world that does not have a Jewish segment in the population. And secondly, wherever Jews reside, they are a minority of the population, and a small minority at that, so that they are not powerful enough to defend themselves against a mass attack. It is very easy for governments to divert attention from their own mistakes by blaming Jews for this or that political theory, such as communism or socialism. For instance, after the First World War, many Germans accused the Jews first of starting the war and then of losing it. This is nothing new, of course. Throughout history, Jews have been accused of all sorts of treachery, such as poisoning water wells or murdering children as religious sacrifices.  Much of this can be attributed to jealousy, because, despite the fact that Jewish people have always been thinly populated in various countries, they have always had a disproportionate number of outstanding public figures.”


The well-known accusation, often made by anti-semites, is that Jews killed Jesus Christ. Here is how this is summarized at:


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“Christians believe that Christ's death redeems and forgives. Yet the same blood shed on the cross has been used to stain Jews with lasting, incomparable guilt. The gospel narratives of the Passion cast the Jews as responsible, directly and indirectly, for the death of the Son of God. The stigma of "Christ killer"-- the notion that all Jews, at all times and in all places, share in the collective responsibility for the Crucifixion--has plagued Jews ever since and is the source of much Christian anti-Semitism. ...”


Why is this accusation not even mentioned by Einstein? He was certainly familiar with it; he was the only Jewish child, at a Munich’s Catholic elementary school (till the age of 12). According to a 2006 book, written by a Bible scholar, Tom Head, “most Christian leaders now recognize that the accusation does not make any sense. ... Roman authorities  routinely used crucifixion as a means to punish devout Jews ...”